Juan Jesus Guerrero Chapa's Blog

A Primer on Breeding Bulls and Heifers, by Juan Jesus Guerrero Chapa
June 28, 2011, 1:44 am
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As a breeder of strong cows and bulls for personal and commercial use, Juan Jesus Guerrero Chapa spends most of his time on his ranch in Nuevo Leon, Mexico. With experience in raising bulls, pigs, horses, chickens, and other forms of livestock, Juan Jesus Guerrero Chapa works with Elite Charolaise from his ranch in Nuevo Leon. Mr. Guerrero Chapa’s bulls are known as the strongest bulls in Mexico and he holds a dedication to treating them properly. Many individuals and families who own livestock remain somewhat unprepared when it comes to raising bulls and heifers for breeding or butchering purposes. In the following, Juan Jesus Guerrero Chapa answers frequently asked questions about the proper care of these animals.


Q. When can I expect my heifer to go into heat?


A. Puberty in cattle remains a matter of weight, followed by age. Most heifers reach puberty between a year and 15 months of age, while different breeds and other specifications may make a difference.


Q. What is the proper diet for bulls?


A. All bulls’ diets should be closely monitored in case they have digestive issues. Once a bull reaches puberty at around a year, he usually weighs anywhere from 1,150 to 1,300 pounds. There is a specific ratio of how much protein and grain a bull should receive at a certain weight and age, but a diet of crude protein, hay, corn, and mineral and vitamin protein supplements is most appropriate.


Q. When should I separate my female heifer calves from the male bull calves in the pasture?


A. Many bulls reach puberty before one year of age, while heifers usually do not become sexually mature until after a year. Try to separate bulls and heifers before they go through puberty to reduce the possibility of unwanted calves.


Q. How should I select a breed for raising beef cattle?


A. Beef cattle are selected due to factors such as growth, fertility, beef quality, and quantity. Of course, the most impressive bulls and heifers are kept for the breeder, but individuals should make educated decisions regarding size and other economically important traits before committing to a particular breed for beef cattle.


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